The same city and a short trip … Oradea, Varadinum, Großwardein, Nagyvárad, Varat, גרויסווארדיין

Oradea is the capital city of  Bihor County and Crișana region and one of the important centers of economic, social and cultural development in the western part of Romania, retaining these characteristics throughout history.
The city is nestled between the hills that separate and unify in a harmonious way with plain Crișana. Located on the banks of Crișul Repede river, that divides the city into almost equal halves, it is the gateway to Central and Western Europe.

Located about 10 km (6.2 mi) from Borș, the most important crossing point on the west border (with Hungary), Oradea ranks tenth in size among Romanian cities. It covers an area of 11,556 ha. The city is at an altitude of 126 m above sea level, in the opening of the Criș valley and the plain area, in an area of contact between the extensions of the Apuseni Mountains and the extended plain Crișano-Banato. It lies as the area of transition from relief hills, to the Pannonian plain.

While modern Oradea is first mentioned in 1113, under the Latin name Varadinum in a diploma belonging to a Benedictine Zobor Abbey – Bishop Sixtus Varadiensis and Saul de Bychar are mentioned in the document – recent archaeological findings, in and around the city, provide evidence of a more or less continuous habitation since the Neolithic.
The Dacians and Celts also inhabited the region. After the conquest of Dacia the Romans established a presence in the area, most notably in the Salca district of the city and modern day Băile Felix.

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