My land

„Zarand Land”, superimposed mostly on the hydrographic basin of the Crisul Alb, is well framed by the peaks of the Codru-Moma Mountains and the Bihor Mountains, to the North, and by the peaks of the Zarand Mountains and Metaliferi Mountains, to the South, while West it intertwines, especially at the level of the meadows, with the lowlands of the Cris Plain (Tudoran, 1983).
The Crisul Alb Valley has a wild upper watercourse, with fast slopes, reaching the area of the Crâscior commune (only 31 km from the spring) at a height of 291 m. From here, the Crisul Alb enters the Brad Depression, following the Brad-Hălmagiu lane, and in Joia Mare (where it becomes narrower, forming a canyon) it separates the depressionary basin of Gurahon* from the actual bay of Zarand. In this bay of Zarand, the valley widens and it resembles an alluvial piedmont plain.
Being a region with vast oak and beech forests, with many pastures and rich goldsilver ores, „Zarand Land” has offered favourable conditions for the development of shepherding, cattle breeding, mining, and woodworking, while agriculture has been
practiced and is still being practiced to a lesser degree and only on smaller land lots, on sunnier lands (fields) near households.
Material proofs regarding the continuity of man in the region of „Zarand Land” go back to the Paleolithic Age. At the beginning, the population has settled mostly on the upper course of the Crisul Alb and its tributaries; we can remark the mining settlements in Ruda-Brad, Crâscior, Mesteacăn, Lebea, Ribita etc. (Mózes Tereza, 1975). Nevertheless, documentary mentions of the settlements in „Zarand Land” go back only to the beginning of the Middle Ages (Ineu – 1214, Dezna – 1261, Beliu, Sicula – 1332, Hălmagiu – 1359, Gurahon* – 1386, Bârsa – 1489, Sebis – 1506, Răpsig – 1552, Bocsig – 1553 etc.) (Roz, Kovach, 1997).
About „Zarand Land” we can say that it is a „land” almost as vast as „Maramures Land”, but little known; almost nothing is known about it.
Of course, it cannot be considered part of the Banat area or „The Land of the Mo*i”. It is unknown even what kind of people live in those villages, almost no one explores their old popular customs and traditions, and no one supports them economically.
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Memories from blog:  Bears cave
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